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Overlooked Elements in Popular Change Models

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Change is an inevitable part of life, and organizations are no exception. In order to adapt and thrive in today’s fast-paced and competitive business environment, organizations must be able to effectively manage change. Over the years, numerous change models have been developed to guide organizations through the change process. These models provide a structured approach to change, helping organizations to plan, implement, and sustain change initiatives. However, while these models offer valuable frameworks for change, there are often overlooked elements that can significantly impact the success of change efforts. In this article, we will explore some of these overlooked elements in popular change models and discuss their importance in achieving successful change.

The Human Element

One of the most commonly overlooked elements in popular change models is the human element. Change is ultimately about people, and their attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors play a crucial role in the success or failure of any change initiative. Unfortunately, many change models focus primarily on the technical aspects of change, such as processes, systems, and structures, while neglecting the human side of change.

Research has consistently shown that resistance to change is a major barrier to successful change implementation. Employees may resist change due to fear of the unknown, loss of control, or perceived threats to their job security. Therefore, it is essential for organizations to address the human element of change and actively manage resistance.

One effective way to address the human element of change is through effective communication. Clear and transparent communication helps to build trust, reduce uncertainty, and alleviate fears associated with change. Organizations should communicate the reasons for change, the expected benefits, and the impact on employees in a timely and consistent manner. Additionally, involving employees in the change process and providing opportunities for feedback and input can help to increase their buy-in and commitment to the change initiative.

Organizational Culture

Another overlooked element in popular change models is the role of organizational culture. Organizational culture refers to the shared values, beliefs, and norms that shape the behavior of individuals within an organization. It is a powerful force that can either support or hinder change efforts.

When implementing change, organizations often focus on the technical aspects of change, such as new processes or systems, without considering the impact on the existing culture. However, if the new change is not aligned with the organization’s culture, it is likely to face resistance and ultimately fail.

For example, if an organization has a culture that values stability and predictability, introducing a change that requires flexibility and adaptability may be met with resistance. In order to successfully implement change, organizations need to assess their existing culture and identify any cultural barriers that may impede change efforts. They should then work to align the desired change with the existing culture or consider cultural transformation as part of the change process.


Leadership is another critical element that is often overlooked in popular change models. Effective leadership is essential for guiding and inspiring employees through the change process. However, many change models fail to provide specific guidance on the role of leaders in driving change.

Research has shown that leadership plays a crucial role in change implementation. Leaders need to create a compelling vision for change, communicate it effectively, and inspire and motivate employees to embrace the change. They also need to provide the necessary resources and support to facilitate the change process.

One example of the importance of leadership in change is the case of IBM. In the early 1990s, IBM was facing significant challenges and needed to undergo a major transformation. The success of this transformation was largely attributed to the leadership of Lou Gerstner, who was able to rally the organization around a common vision and drive the necessary changes.

Therefore, organizations should invest in developing strong leaders who possess the necessary skills and competencies to lead change effectively. They should also ensure that leaders are actively involved in the change process and provide them with the necessary support and resources to succeed.

Employee Engagement

Employee engagement is another overlooked element in popular change models. Engaged employees are more likely to embrace change, contribute their ideas and efforts, and support the organization’s goals. However, many change models fail to address the importance of employee engagement in the change process.

Research has consistently shown that organizations with high levels of employee engagement are more likely to achieve successful change outcomes. Engaged employees are more committed to the organization, more willing to go the extra mile, and more adaptable to change.

One way to foster employee engagement during change is by involving employees in the change process. This can be done through participation in decision-making, providing opportunities for feedback and input, and recognizing and rewarding employees for their contributions to the change effort. Organizations should also ensure that employees have the necessary skills and resources to adapt to the change and provide them with the support they need.

Change Sustainability

The final overlooked element in popular change models is the sustainability of change. Many change models focus on the initial implementation of change but fail to address the long-term sustainability of change efforts.

Research has shown that sustaining change is often more challenging than implementing change. Organizations may face resistance, revert back to old habits, or fail to embed the change into the organizational culture and systems.

In order to ensure the sustainability of change, organizations need to develop strategies to reinforce and embed the change into the organization. This can be done through ongoing communication and reinforcement of the change message, continuous monitoring and evaluation of the change process, and providing ongoing support and resources to employees.

For example, when Procter & Gamble implemented a major change initiative to streamline its product development process, it established a Change Management Office to oversee the implementation and sustainability of the change. This office was responsible for monitoring the progress of the change, providing ongoing support and resources, and ensuring that the change was embedded into the organization’s culture and systems.


In conclusion, while popular change models provide valuable frameworks for managing change, there are often overlooked elements that can significantly impact the success of change efforts. The human element, organizational culture, leadership, employee engagement, and change sustainability are all critical elements that need to be considered in order to achieve successful change. By addressing these overlooked elements, organizations can increase the likelihood of successful change implementation and create a culture of continuous improvement and innovation.

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